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Intelligence | Global AI Index

The Global AI Index

The first index to benchmark nations on their level of investment, innovation and implementation of artificial intelligence.

Making sense of artificial intelligence… on a global scale

Artificial intelligence is a transformative phenomenon in business, government and society. But it is also commonly misunderstood or misrepresented. 

The Global AI Index is making sense of artificial intelligence in 62 countries around the world. 

We have examined the forces accelerating development in artificial intelligence through three pillars of analysis; investment, innovation and implementation.


Use the toggle to switch between our Index’s ranks – where countries stand – or score – how far or close they are to each other. Use the arrows to sort the columns.

The Pillars

The Global AI Index is underpinned by 143 indicators split across seven sub-pillars: Talent, Infrastructure, Operating Environment, Research, Development, Government Strategy and Commercial. Each indicator pillar was weighted for importance after consultation with experts across the field.


Focuses on the availability of skilled practitioners for the provision of artificial intelligence solutions.


Focuses on the reliability and scale of access infrastructure, from electricity and internet, to super computing capabilities.

Operating Environment

Focuses on the regulatory context, and public opinion surrounding artificial intelligence.


Focuses on the extent of specialist research and researchers; investigating the amount of publications and citations in credible academic journals.


Focuses on the development of fundamental platforms and algorithms upon which innovative artificial intelligence projects rely.

Government Strategy

Focuses on the depth of commitment from national government to artificial intelligence; investigating spending commitments and national strategies.


Focuses on the level of startup activity, investment and business initiatives based on artificial intelligence.

Explore the data

Position, size and compare countries based on their results on The Global AI Index.

Get involved

The Sensemaker AI

Your free bi-monthly sense-making newsletter on the worldwide effort to develop and deploy artificial intelligence. Delivered straight to your inbox.

The small print: By giving us your email address you’re asking us to send you Tortoise digital marketing communications. You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in the emails we send. For more information read our privacy policy here.

Private forum

The AI Network

A regular series of private events and dinners with leading AI experts from business and academia.

Policy Tools

National Dashboards

Bespoke real-time dashboards for individual countries.

Our advisors

We’ve convened experts from a variety of sectors, ranging from industry and academia to government. Each offers a unique perspective on the opportunities and challenges posed by artificial intelligence.

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Senior Advisor on Artificial Intelligence for Accenture; founder of The Exponential View. Investor across the AI sector

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Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

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Tech Ambassador of Denmark

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Co-Founder of CognitionX and Chair of the UK Government’s AI Council

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CTO of Ocado

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Head of UK Government’s Office for AI

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CEO of Genomics England

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Founder of Best Practice AI

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CEO of the Education Outcomes Fund and former Minister of Tourism, Tunisia

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Partner at McKinsey & Company

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Director of Data Science for Internet of Things at the University of Oxford

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Founder of Skype and Co-founder of the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk at the University of Cambridge

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Chairman of Siemens

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Co-founder, LocalGlobe

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CEO of Graphcore

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Partner at McKinsey & Company

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Co-Founder and CEO of Entrepreneur First

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Managing Director for Innovation, The Alan Turing Institute

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Dean of the School of Global and Public Affairs, IE University

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Chairman, Donkey Republic; CEO, Casalbi

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Senior Editor, The Economist

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Executive Director of IE University’s Center for the Governance of Change

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Programme Director for Artificial Intelligence at The Turing Institute

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Chief Data Scientist and Partner of Capita Consulting

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Founder & CEO, Human Capital Network

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President of Cyber
& Intelligence at Mastercard

Our partners

We’re grateful to our partners for supporting the work we’re doing.


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How AI companies are rising to the challenges posed by the Covid19 pandemic

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The state of UK startups and the potential of AI

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How data is pivotal to our response to Covid-19

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Who is going to regulate the global digital world?

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Commentary & insight

Here are some of our latest stories & events



Download our explainers as PDFs

WEF Notes
Ajay Bhalla press release
Introducing the Global AI Index
AI & us: Data rules
Will AI be fair?


10 Dec 2020 – Tortoise is delighted to announce that Ajay Bhalla, President of Cyber & Intelligence at Mastercard, will be joining the Advisory Board for The Global AI Index

31 Mar 2020 – Announcing the Sensemaker AI. This month: as the coronavirus crisis unfolds, we’ve delved into two of our index’s live data sources to get a sense of what impact the pandemic is already having on AI.

14 Oct 2019 – HenkelX Ventures joins forces with Tortoise to deliver the world’s first Global AI Index. Read more »

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