Long stories short
- Sarah Palin lost a special congressional election in Alaska to Mary Peltola, a Democrat in favour of abortion rights.
- The chairman of the board of Lukoil died after falling out of a hospital window, and after criticising Russiaâ€™s war in Ukraine.
- The UNâ€™s human rights chief said Chinaâ€™s treatment of Uyghur Muslims may be crime against humanity, 11 minutes before she officially left the job.Â
Power to the people
Voters overwhelmingly reject the way the Conservatives are choosing their next leader and the UKâ€™s next prime minister, according to a new poll.
Fewer than one in seven people approve of the partyâ€™s reliance on local members in the final choice between Rishi Sunak and Liz Truss, a YouGov poll for Tortoise found. Even among Conservatives, only one in five support the system being used.
Instead, three-quarters of adults eligible to vote believe there should either be a fresh general election or the decision should be left to MPs. The poll findings are published as the former Conservative Party chief executive responsible for the current system calls for a rethink.
The process is â€śagonisingly protractedâ€ť and the voting membership doesnâ€™t reflect the views of Conservatives as a whole, Archie Norman writes today for Tortoise.Â
Large majorities of voters of all political affiliations believe the election of the party leader serves a public function, and that therefore
- information about those eligible to vote should be publicly available;
- all those entitled to vote should be on the electoral register;
- there should be an independent system to check the list of those entitled to vote; and
- there should be an independent system to check the security of the voting system and the validity of the result.
None of these principles is being upheld by the Conservative Party, which is why Tortoise is preparing to seek judicial review of the leadership election. The purpose is to force greater disclosure about the party membership and establish whether the election is in fact legal under common law and the European Convention on Human Rights.Â
David Allen Green, the lawyer and blogger, wrote this week in support of the idea that the Conservative Partyâ€™s function in holding this election â€“ not its status as a private institution â€“ is the key legal point in deciding whether judicial review is appropriate.
â€śOften what constitutes a public body â€“ such as ministers of the crown or statutory corporations â€“ is obvious,â€ť he wrote. â€śBut the test is functional â€“ if you are an entity exercising a public function then you are amenable to judicial review.â€ť
Peter Kellner writes:Â
Liz Truss will break new constitutional ground if, as seems certain, she becomes prime minister next week. She will be the first occupant of Downing Street to arrive there without the endorsement of either the general public or her partyâ€™s MPs.Â
In the past fifty years, four became PM at general elections (Harold Wilson, Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair, David Cameron), while another four reached the top of the greasy poll as the choice of their MPs (James Callaghan, John Major, Gordon Brown, Theresa May). Boris Johnson was elected by grassroots Conservatives, but also with the support of most Tory MPs. Truss will take over having won the votes of less than a third of her partyâ€™s MPs.
Tortoise has commissioned YouGov to examine public attitudes to this novel situation. First, given that we have now increased from two to three the ways in which a prime minister may be chosen, do voters approve of this new process? The response is emphatically no:
The responses from the public as a whole are decisive but not, perhaps, surprising. With almost two-thirds of voters now backing Labour, the Liberal Democrats, Greens or SNP, the wish for a general election to end 12 years of Conservative rule is plainly strong.Â
The more striking finding is that few Conservative voters favour the system that is making Truss prime minister. They are evenly divided between a vote by grassroots members (21 per cent) and the choice being made by MPs (22 per cent), but even adding the two together takes us to only 43 per cent, less than the 49 per cent who, even though they voted Tory last time, think this is an issue for the general public, not just the party.
Tortoiseâ€™s campaign to test the constitutionality of the current leadership election is focusing not just on the overall principle but whether it complies with the European Convention on Human Rights, which the United Kingdom not only accepts, but which was largely written seven decades ago by the Conservative minister and prominent lawyer, David Maxwell-Fyfe (later Lord Kilmuir).
The issue turns on whether the leadership ballot is of a type that requires certain rules to be followed. YouGov posed the question as follows:
Once again, the public verdict is emphatic. Clear majorities of both the electorate as a whole and Conservative voters regard leadership elections as having a public function. Fewer than one Tory voter in five backs the position of the party leadership. As Tortoise reported earlier this week, Darren Mott, the partyâ€™s chief executive, insisted that the election was â€śa private matter for the members of the Partyâ€ť and that the party â€śdoes not carry out public functionsâ€ť.Â Few Tory voters, let alone the wider electorate, agree.
It is, of course, possible that voters agree that party elections have a â€śpublic functionâ€ť in general without necessarily being concerned about the specific rules that the ECHR says should be followed. However, YouGov found big majorities in favour of the application of the four main rules:
As these figures show, there is little difference between the views of Conservative voters and the wider public. In each case, the margins in favour of applying the rule vary between three-to-one and eight-to-one.
Does all this matter? We are governed by parliament and the rule of law, not by opinion polls and popular emotion. As a pollster, Iâ€™m as appalled as anyone by the notion that politicians should allow the public mood to override their considered judgment.
However, the health of a parliamentary system depends on a broad acceptance that however much we dislike particular policies, we respect the democratic mandate that underpins them. This autumn, Truss will unveil her plans for tackling the energy and inflation crisis. Millions of us, maybe a majority, will dislike them. But itâ€™s not just the fairness of those plans that will concern many of us. Most of us reject the process by which Truss will reach Downing Street â€“ both the principle of the choice being made by local party members and the way that the election is being conducted. We endorse the rules that have been set by the ECHR and which the Conservative Party is plainly breaching.
If Trussâ€™s government is buffeted by the pressures of the coming winter months, it may not just be the measures that anger voters, but doubts about the legitimacy of her being in a position to decide them in the first place.
Peter Kellner is a founder of YouGov, who questioned 1,716 electors across Britain between August 30 and 31.
Time for a rethink
The Conservative Party needs to change the way it elects its leaders, writes its former chief executive
CAPITALÂ ECONOMY, BUSINESS AND FINANCE
Social housing capÂ Â
Less than a week before the UKâ€™s next prime minister is named, Greg Clark, the current housing secretary, has announced a plan for rent caps on social housing in England. The purpose is to provide some stability for vulnerable tenants during the cost of living crisis. If rents were to rise in line with inflation, tenants could be paying 11 per cent extra to their landlords. Clark wants to limit this to between 3 and 7 per cent. The response has been mixed; the caps are necessary to prevent millions from descending further into poverty, but the Social Housing Action Campaign has argued that even a 3 per cent cap wouldnâ€™t do enough. The National Housing Federation worries about reduced public funding for critical housing projects if its income from social housing is reduced. Given the new PM will announce a new cabinet, itâ€™s uncertain whether this policy will make it through to April 2023, when itâ€™s supposed to come into force. And if not?
TECHNOLOGYÂ AI, SCIENCE AND NEW THINGS
O2 on Mars
Robert Zubrinâ€™s seminal how-to manual for getting to earthâ€™s nearest planetary neighbour, The Case for Mars, outlines a plan that depends critically on extracting and liquifying oxygen from CO2 in the atmosphere there, in order to get back home. Liquid O2 is rocket fuel and not having to carry enough from Earth for the return trip makes the whole thing doable. So it is hugely significant that Nasaâ€™s Moxie instrument, carried by its Perseverance rover, has proved in principle, in situ, that producing oxygen on Mars is possible. This is auspicious for another reason, too: astronauts need to breathe.
The 100-year lifeÂ health, education AND GOVERNMENT
HRT: job done?
After four months on the job, the UKâ€™s HRT (hormone replacement therapy) tsar is returning to a role supporting the Covid booster campaign. Madelaine McTernan was appointed to the role in April in response to supply shortages for the treatment, which alleviates symptoms of menopause. At the time, there were reports of women trading HRT medication in car parks and rationing doses. Job done then? McTernan seems to think so. She said she was pleased to see supply was â€śimprovingâ€ť. Current health secretary, Steve Barclay, said he was â€śensuring everyone who needs HRT is able to access itâ€ť. But Labour MP Carolyn Harris, who co-chairs the governmentâ€™s menopause taskforce, told Times Radio she was â€śabsolutely baffledâ€ť by the move. Harris said women were still coming forward who were unable to access treatment, or faced prescription limits and were being offered alternative products instead.Â
Our planetÂ CLIMATE AND geopolitics
A $1 billion programme backed by Shell to clean up Nigerian wetlands polluted by oil spills has been described in UN reports as incompetent, wasteful and lacking transparency. Attempts to restore Ogoniland, located in the fertile Niger Delta, started in 2019 â€“ more than a quarter century after Shell exited its operations in the area following local protests about leaking pipelines. Shell has been catching cases ever since. It has already paid out more than $175 million in compensation to two local communities and the UK Supreme Court has ruled that similar cases could be heard in Britain. Shell says the â€śreal problemâ€ť in the delta is oil spills due to crude oil theft, illegal refining and sabotage. Residents say the company should be doing more to clean up the mess it started.
CULTURE soCIETY, IDENTITY AND BELONGING
Gorbachevâ€™s quantum legacy
â€śLithuanians will not glorify Gorbachev. We will never forget the simple fact that his army murdered civilians to prolong his regimeâ€™s occupation of our country.â€ť Thus Gabrielius Landsbergis, Lithuaniaâ€™s foreign minister. Itâ€™s true: fourteen civilians were killed and more than 700 wounded when Gorbachev instructed Soviet troops to resist Lithuaniaâ€™s drive for independence in 1991. But he was by this time the toast of the West, and for good reason. Though he is reviled by many in his own country for presiding over the Soviet collapse, his realisation that the system he inherited could not serve its people, nor justify the domination of Eastern Europe, was a world-historical insight. Glasnost and perestroika were his innovations. The decision not to use force against the tide of history that brought down the Berlin Wall was his defining act of restraint. He ensured that 1989 was not another 1968. He ended the Cold War and the threat of mutually assured destruction. So it seemed at the time, and Putinâ€™s mayhem should not dilute this central facet of Gorbachevâ€™s legacy.Â
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Additional reporting by Phoebe Davis, Barney Macintyre and Laoise Murray. Graphics by Katie Riley.
Photographs Getty Images, NASA
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